Sanitation in villages
The rural population in Moldova lacks behind regarding access to safe sanitation: more than half of the rural population relies on unimproved pit latrines in their backyard. Government agencies and international actors supporting Moldova’s water and sanitation sector lack coherent strategies and feasible options to improve the situation and consequently they take little action for improving access to safe sanitation in rural areas. ApaSan is working on improving knowledge and understanding on the situation of rural sanitation, promoting dialogue on how to address rural sanitation, and is introducing solutions contributing to better sanitation in rural areas.
ApaSan focuses on the following elements:
- Improving sanitation in schools
- Developing concepts for comprehensive village wide sanitation
- Promoting “real” septic tanks as an intermediate solution between latrines and sewerage
- Promoting ecosan household toilets
- Piloting constructed wetlands as an option for rural wastewater treatment
|Discussion paper: Rural Sanitation in Moldova – Analysis and Options||available soon|
|How to tackle sanitation comprehensively in an entire village: Cioresti case study||available soon|
Ecosan household toilets in rural areas in Moldova: promotion approach and lessons-learnt
Following the successful implementation of ecosan toilet in schools, several households showed their interest in implementing individual ecosan toilets. The ApaSan project put into place a support program to allow those households to build their own ecosan toilet. The program aimed to increase awareness toward the technology and locally build capacity for construction of ecosan toilets. This document details the support program and lessons-learnt from this experience.
|Ecosan household toilets in rural areas in Moldova: promotion approach and lessons-learnt||pdf-eng|
Introduction of the constructed wetland technology for treatment of wastewater in rural areas in Moldova
From 2008 to 2011, Skat Consulting Ltd implemented, through the ApaSan project, constructed wetlands in rural Moldovan areas, in order to explore the sustainability of this technology in the context. Ten years after the implementation of the first pilot plant, a review of the experience has been done by Skat, highlighting pros and cons of constructed wetlands and their efficiency in rural Moldova.
|Introduction of the constructed wetland technology for treatment of wastewater in rural areas in Moldova||pdf-eng|